Volume 62, Number 3, May 2003
|Page(s)||384 - 390|
|Section||Condensed matter: electronic structure, electrical, magnetic, and optical properties|
|Published online||01 April 2003|
Correlation length of the 1D Hubbard model at half-filling: Equal-time one-particle Green's function
Department of Physics,
Graduate School of Science, University of Tokyo
Hongo 7-3-1, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113, Japan
2 Institute for Solid State Physics, University of Tokyo Kashiwanoha 5-1-5, Kashiwa, Chiba 277-8581, Japan
3 Theoretische Physik I, Universität Dortmund Otto-Hahn-Str. 4, D-44221 Dortmund, Germany
Accepted: 27 February 2003
The asymptotics of the equal-time one-particle Green's function of the half-filled one-dimensional Hubbard model is studied at finite temperature. We calculate its correlation length by evaluating the largest and the second largest eigenvalues of the Quantum Transfer Matrix (QTM). In order to allow for the genuinely fermionic nature of the one-particle Green's function, we employ the fermionic formulation of the QTM based on the fermionic R-operator of the Hubbard model. The purely imaginary value of the second largest eigenvalue reflects the oscillations of the one-particle Green's function at half-filling. By solving numerically the Bethe ansatz equations with Trotter numbers up to N=10240, we obtain accurate data for the correlation length at finite temperatures down into the very low-temperature region. The correlation length remains finite even at T=0 due to the existence of the charge gap. Our numerical data confirm Stafford and Millis' conjecture regarding an analytic expression for the correlation length at T=0.
PACS: 71.10.Fd – Lattice fermion models (Hubbard model, etc.) / 71.27.+a – Strongly correlated electron systems; heavy fermions / 05.30.Fk – Fermion systems and electron gas
© EDP Sciences, 2003
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