Volume 62, Number 3, May 2003
|Page(s)||370 - 376|
|Section||Condensed matter: structure, mechanical and thermal properties|
|Published online||01 April 2003|
Sphere morphology of block copolymer systems under shear
Leiden University - P.O. Box 9502, 2300 RA Leiden, The Netherlands
Accepted: 10 March 2003
The existence of a stable periodic time-dependent solution of Landau-Ginzburg–type dynamics of a sheared system is first shown by the simulations. By means of density-functional simulations we have shown that a spherical micellar phase of block copolymers is not destroyed by shear below a certain level, but forms elongated droplets instead. We found similar results for the BCC phase in several systems: diblock copolymer melts and a triblock ABA-copolymer/solvent mixture. At shear rates above the critical value, the spherical phase transforms into a hexagonal cylindrical phase. After cessation of shear, the cylindrical phase breaks up into an oriented monocluster of a spherical BCC phase, in agreement with the interpretation of experiments by Koppi et al. (J. Rheol., 38 (1994) 999).
PACS: 64.70.-p – Specific phase transitions / 61.25.Hq – Macromolecular and polymer solutions; polymer melts; swelling / 61.30.-v – Liquid crystals
© EDP Sciences, 2003
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