Volume 69, Number 4, February 2005
|Page(s)||556 - 562|
|Section||Condensed matter: structure, mechanical and thermal properties|
|Published online||21 January 2005|
Pressure-induced homothetic volume collapse in silicon clathrates
Laboratoire de Physique de la Matière Condensée et Nanostructures Université Claude Bernard Lyon-1 and CNRS - 43 Bvd. du 11 Novembre 1918 69622 Villeurbanne, France
2 European Synchrotron Radiation Facility - BP 220, 38043 Grenoble, France
3 Physique des Milieux Condensés, Université P. and M. Curie and CNRS - France
4 Department of Applied Chemistry, Faculty of Engineering, Hiroshima University Higashi-Hiroshima 724, Japan
Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted: 10 December 2004
The high-pressure properties of the -doped silicon clathrate have been investigated combining X-ray diffraction and X-ray absorption spectroscopy. A pressure-induced isostructural phase transition associated with an important volume collapse takes place at 11.5–14. This transformation is characterized by the homothetic contraction of the silicon cages containing the atoms. This transition is preceded by a change in the electronic structure at 5 in good agreement with Raman spectroscopy observations (T. Kume et al. , Phys. Rev. Lett., 90 (2003) 155503) that it is also of isostructural nature. The cage structure is preserved through the phase transitions allowing to obtain tetrahedral silicon with record interatomic distances as low as 2.13. At the highest studied pressure of 49, the structure becomes irreversibly amorphous. The physical origin of the homothetic isostructural transitions is discussed.
PACS: 61.50.Ks – Crystallographic aspects of phase transformations; pressure effects / 61.48.+c – Fullerenes and fullerene-related materials
© EDP Sciences, 2005
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