Volume 70, Number 1, April 2005
|Page(s)||116 - 122|
|Section||Condensed matter: electronic structure, electrical, magnetic, and optical properties|
|Published online||09 March 2005|
Novel properties of the Kohn-Sham exchange potential for open systems: Application to the two-dimensional electron gas
Centro Atómico Bariloche and Instituto Balseiro - 8400 S. C. de Bariloche Río Negro, Argentina
2 Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory - Livermore, CA 94551, USA
Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted: 3 February 2005
The properties of the Kohn-Sham (KS) exchange potential for open systems in thermodynamical equilibrium, where the number of particles is non-conserved, are analyzed with the Optimized Effective Potential (OEP) method of Density Functional Theory (DFT) at zero temperature. The quasi–two-dimensional electron gas (2DEG) is used as an illustrative example. The main findings are that the KS exchange potential builds a significant barrier-like structure under slight population of the second subband, and that both the asymptotic value of the KS exchange potential and the inter-subband energy jump discontinuously at the one-subband (1S) two-subband (2S) transition. The results obtained in this system offer new insights into open problems of semiconductors, such as the band-gap underestimation and the band-gap renormalization by photo-excited carriers.
PACS: 73.20.-r – Electron states at surfaces and interfaces / 73.21.Fg – Quantum wells
© EDP Sciences, 2005
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