Volume 70, Number 5, June 2005
|Page(s)||593 - 599|
|Published online||29 April 2005|
An experimental test of the Jarzynski equality in a mechanical experiment
Laboratoire de Physique de l'ENS Lyon CNRS UMR 5672 46, Allée d'Italie - 69364 Lyon Cedex 07, France
Accepted: 31 March 2005
We have experimentally checked the Jarzynski equality and the Crooks relation (see Jarzynski C., Phys. Rev. Lett., 78 (1997) 2690; Crooks G. E., Phys. Rev. E, 60 (1999) 2721; Jarzynski C., J. Stat. Phys., 98 (2000) 77) on the thermal fluctuations of a macroscopic mechanical oscillator in contact with a heat reservoir. We found that, independently of the time scale and amplitude of the driving force, both relations are satisfied. These results give credit, at least in the case of Gaussian fluctuations, to the use of these relations in biological and chemical systems to estimate the free energy difference between two equilibrium states (see Ritort F., Séminaire Poincaré, 2 (2003) 63; Liphardt J., Dumont S., Smith S. B., Ticono I. jr and Bustamante C., Science, 296 (2002) 1832). An alternative method to estimate in an isothermal process is proposed too.
PACS: 05.40.-a – Fluctuation phenomena, random processes, noise, and Brownian motion / 05.70.Ln – Nonequilibrium and irreversible thermodynamics / 07.60.Ly – Interferometers
© EDP Sciences, 2005
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