Volume 71, Number 2, July 2005
|Page(s)||221 - 227|
|Section||Electromagnetism, optics, acoustics, heat transfer, classical mechanics, and fluid dynamics|
|Published online||24 June 2005|
Single-polymer dynamics: Coil-stretch transition in a random flow
Department of Physics of Complex Systems, Weizmann Institute of Science Rehovot, 76100 Israel
Accepted: 26 May 2005
By quantitative studies of statistics of polymer stretching in an elastic turbulence and the statistical properties of this random flow itself that are characterized by the average Lyapunov exponents of particle pair separations, , we demonstrate that the stretching of polymer molecules in a 3D random flow occurs rather sharply via the coil-stretch transition. The experimental value of the onset of the coil-stretch transition, , where τ is the polymer relaxation time, is found to be rather close to the theoretically predicted one.
PACS: 47.50.+d – Non-Newtonian fluid flows / 83.50.-v – Deformation and flow / 87.15.He – Dynamics and conformational changes
© EDP Sciences, 2005
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