Volume 74, Number 2, April 2006
|Page(s)||247 - 253|
|Section||Electromagnetism, optics, acoustics, heat transfer, classical mechanics, and fluid dynamics|
|Published online||15 March 2006|
Quantum squeezing of optical dissipative structures
Departament d'Òptica, Universitat de València Dr. Moliner 50, 46100 Burjassot, Spain
2 Departament de Física Aplicada, Escola Politècnica Superior de Gandia Universitat Politècnica de València - Ctra. Natzaret-Oliva S/N 46730 Grau de Gandia, Spain
Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted: 22 February 2006
We show that any optical dissipative structure supported by degenerate optical parametric oscillators contains a special transverse mode that is free from quantum fluctuations when measured in a balanced homodyne detection experiment. The phenomenon is not critical as it is independent of the system parameters and, in particular, of the existence of bifurcations. This result is a consequence of the spatial symmetry breaking introduced by the dissipative structure. Effects that could degrade the squeezing level are considered.
PACS: 42.50.Lc – Quantum fluctuations, quantum noise, and quantum jumps / 42.65.Sf – Dynamics of nonlinear optical systems; optical instabilities, optical chaos and complexity, and optical spatio-temporal dynamics
© EDP Sciences, 2006
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