Volume 76, Number 2, October 2006
|Page(s)||189 - 195|
|Published online||20 September 2006|
Evanescent modes are virtual photons
Universität Koblenz, Institut für Integrierte Naturwissenschaften, Abteilung Physik Universitätsstrasse 1, D-56070 Koblenz, Germany
2 Universität Köln, II. Physikalisches Institut - Zülpicher-Str. 77 D-50937 Köln, Germany
Accepted: 31 August 2006
Former QED-based studies of evanescent modes identified these with virtual photons. Recent experimental studies confirmed the resulting predictions about non-locality, non-observability, violation of the Einstein relation and the existence of a commutator of field operators between two space-like separated points. Relativistic causality thus is violated by the near-field phenomenon evanescent modes while primitive causality is untouched.
PACS: 03.65.Xp – Tunneling, traversal time, quantum Zeno dynamics / 42.50.Xa – Optical tests of quantum theory / 42.25.Bs – Wave propagation, transmission and absorption
© EDP Sciences, 2006
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