Volume 76, Number 4, November 2006
|Page(s)||664 - 669|
|Section||Condensed matter: electronic structure, electrical, magnetic, and optical properties|
|Published online||13 October 2006|
First-principles study of silicon-doped nanotubes
Key Laboratory of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials of the Ministry of Education, Lanzhou University - Lanzhou 730000, PRC
Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted: 20 September 2006
An ab initio calculation on the pristine and silicon-doped (5,5) boron nitride nanotube was performed. It was found that the silicon substitution for either a single boron or a single nitrogen atom in the (5,5) BN nanotube can induce spontaneous magnetization, and the local symmetry of the system is broken by the silicon atom extending outward of the tube. Calculations based on the density functional theory with the local spin density approximation on the electronic band structure revealed a spin-polarized, dispersionless π band near the Fermi energy. The magnetization can be attributed to the unpaired electron of silicon. Compared to other theoretical models of light-element or metal-free magnetic materials, the silicon-doped (5,5) BN nanotubes are more experimentally accessible and can be potentially useful.
PACS: 73.22.-f – Electronic structure of nanoscale materials: clusters, nanoparticles, nanotubes, and nanocrystals / 81.07.De – Nanotubes / 75.50.Dd – Nonmetallic ferromagnetic materials
© EDP Sciences, 2006
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