Volume 77, Number 1, January 2007
|Number of page(s)||5|
|Section||Condensed Matter: Electronic Structure, Electrical, Magnetic and Optical Properties|
|Published online||21 December 2006|
Spin mixing processes in magnetic nanostructures detected by thermoelectric measurements
Laboratoire de Physique des Matériaux Nanostructurés, Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne - CH-1015 Lausanne-EPFL, Switzerland
2 Laboratoire des Nanostructures en Matrices, Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne CH-1015 Lausanne-EPFL, Switzerland
Accepted: 3 November 2006
Spin-dependent transport properties of magnetic nanostructures have been investigated by means of magneto-thermogalvanic voltage measurements: the ac voltage response to an ac temperature oscillation is measured for various magnetic nanostructures under dc current. The samples studied include Co/Cu multilayered nanowires, homogeneous Ni nanowires and cobalt clusters embedded in copper films. The magnetic field dependence of this signal is always larger than the magneto-resistance (MR) and may be anisotropic even when the MR is not. A thermodynamic argument introduces spin mixing as the main process measured by this novel thermoelectric measurement technique. This effect is not observed in magnetite as can be justified by the absence of an accessible second spin channel.
PACS: 72.25.Ba – Spin polarized transport in metals / 75.75.+a – Magnetic properties of nanostructures / 81.07.-b – Nanoscale materials and structures: fabrication and characterization
© Europhysics Letters Association, 2007
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