Volume 79, Number 1, July 2007
|Number of page(s)||4|
|Section||Interdisciplinary Physics and Related Areas of Science and Technology|
|Published online||14 June 2007|
Dispersal time for ancient human migrations: Americas and Europe colonization
Instituto de Alta Investigación, Universidad de Tarapacá - Casilla 6-D, Arica, Chile
Accepted: 24 May 2007
I apply the recently proposed intermittence strategy to investigate the ancient human migrations in the world. That is, the Americas colonization (Bering-bridge and Pacific-coast theories) and Neanderthal replacement in Europe around 45000 years before the present. Using a mathematical equation related to diffusion and ballistic motion, I calculate the colonization time in all these cases in good agreement with archeological data (including Neolithic transition in Europe). Moreover, to support these calculations, I obtain analytically the effective speed of colonization in Europe [km/yr] and related to the Aurignacian culture propagation.
PACS: 89.20.-a – Interdisciplinary applications of physics / 87.23.-n – Ecology and evolution / 05.40.-a – Fluctuation phenomena, random processes, noise, and Brownian motion
© Europhysics Letters Association, 2007
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