Volume 80, Number 4, November 2007
|Number of page(s)||5|
|Section||Condensed Matter: Electronic Structure, Electrical, Magnetic and Optical Properties|
|Published online||23 October 2007|
Transport properties of massless Dirac fermions in an organic conductor α-(BEDT-TTF)2I3 under pressure
RIKEN - Hirosawa 2-1, Wako-shi, Saitama 351-0198, Japan
2 Department of Physics, Toho University - Miyama 2-2-1, Funabashi-shi, Chiba 274-8510, Japan
Accepted: 21 September 2007
A zero-gap state with the Dirac cone-type energy dispersion was found in an organic conductor α-(BEDT-TTF)2I3 under high hydrostatic pressures. This is the first two-dimensional zero-gap state discovered in bulk crystals with layered structures. In contrast to the case of graphene, the Dirac cone in this system is highly anisotropic. The present system, therefore, provides a new type of massless Dirac fermions with anisotropic Fermi velocity. From the galvano-magnetic measurements, the density and mobilities of electrons and holes were determined in the temperature region between 77 K and 2 K. In this region, the carrier density (n) depends on temperature (T) as and decreases by about four orders of magnitude. On the other hand, the sheet resistance per BEDT-TTF layer stays almost constant in the region. The value is written as = in terms of the quantum resistance = 25.8 k, where g is a parameter that depends weakly on temperature.
PACS: 71.20.Rv – Polymers and organic compounds / 72.15.Gd – Galvanomagnetic and other magnetotransport effects / 75.47.-m – Magnetotransport phenomena; materials for magnetotransport
© Europhysics Letters Association, 2007
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