Volume 83, Number 1, July 2008
|Number of page(s)||5|
|Section||Condensed Matter: Structural, Mechanical and Thermal Properties|
|Published online||16 June 2008|
Direct measurement of the thermomechanical Lehmann coefficient in a compensated cholesteric liquid crystal
Université de Lyon, Laboratoire de Physique, École Normale Supérieure de Lyon, CNRS - 46 Allée d'Italie, 69364 Lyon, France, EU
Corresponding author: email@example.com
Accepted: 21 May 2008
The thermomechanical Lehmann coefficient ν is directly measured as a function of temperature in a compensated cholesteric liquid crystal. The method consists of observing the continuous rotation of the director in samples treated for planar sliding anchoring when a temperature gradient is applied perpendicularly to the director. The main result is that there is no relationship between the Lehmann coefficient and the equilibrium twist q. In particular, we confirm that ν does not vanish at the compensation temperature at which q = 0, in agreement with previous static measurements of Éber and Jánossy (Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst., 72 (1982) 233) and of ourselves (Europhys. Lett., 80 (2007) 26001). In addition, the sign of the Lehmann coefficient is determined by observing between crossed polarizers the sense of rotation of the extinction branches of the disclination lines.
PACS: 61.30.-v – Liquid crystals / 05.70.Ln – Nonequilibrium and irreversible thermodynamics / 65.40.De – Thermal expansion; thermomechanical effects
© EPLA, 2008
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