Volume 83, Number 1, July 2008
|Number of page(s)||5|
|Section||Electromagnetism, Optics, Acoustics, Heat Transfer, Classical Mechanics, and Fluid Dynamics|
|Published online||19 June 2008|
Evaporation-induced flow near a contact line: Consequences on coating and contact angle
Laboratoire Matière et Systèmes Complexes (MSC), UMR 7057 CNRS & Université Paris Diderot 10 rue Alice Domon et Léonie Duquet, 75013 Paris, France, EU
2 Laboratoire Physico-chimie des Polymères et Milieux Dispersés, UMR 7615 du CNRS, ESPCI 10 rue Vauquelin, 75005 Paris, France, EU
Accepted: 22 May 2008
We propose a simple model of the dynamics of a contact line under evaporation and partial wetting conditions, taking into account the divergent nature of evaporation near the contact line, as evidenced by Deegan et al. (Nature, 389 (1997) 827). We show that evaporation can induce a non-negligible change of the contact angle together with modification of the flow near the contact line. We apply our results to dip-coating of a substrate with non volatile solutes. We show that at small velocities the coating thickness increases and scales like the inverse of the square of the velocity which implies a minimum of the coating thickness at the cross-over with the more familiar Landau-Levich regime.
PACS: 47.55.np – Contact lines / 81.15.-z – Methods of deposition of films and coatings; film growth and epitaxy / 82.70.Dd – Colloids
© EPLA, 2008
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