Volume 83, Number 5, September 2008
|Number of page(s)||5|
|Published online||21 August 2008|
Geometric vs. dynamical gates in quantum computing implementations using Zeeman and Heisenberg Hamiltonians
Department of Physics, Fudan University - Shanghai 200433, China
Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted: 8 July 2008
Quantum computing in terms of geometric phases, i.e. Berry or Aharonov-Anandan phases, is fault-tolerant to a certain degree. We examine its implementation based on Zeeman coupling with a rotating field and isotropic Heisenberg interaction, which describe NMR and can also be realized in quantum dots and cold atoms. Using a novel physical representation of the qubit basis states, we construct π/8 and Hadamard gates based on Berry and Aharonov-Anandan phases. For two interacting qubits in a rotating field, we find that it is always impossible to construct a two-qubit gate based on Berry phases, or based on Aharonov-Anandan phases when the gyromagnetic ratios of the two qubits are equal. In implementing a universal set of quantum gates, one may combine geometric π/8 and Hadamard gates and dynamical gate.
PACS: 03.67.Lx – Quantum computation architectures and implementations / 03.65.Vf – Phases: geometric; dynamic or topological / 73.21.La – Quantum dots
© EPLA, 2008
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