Volume 86, Number 2, April 2009
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Published online||06 May 2009|
Non-asymptotic thermodynamic ensembles
School of Aerospace, Civil and Mechanical Engineering, The University of New South Wales at ADFA Northcott Drive, Canberra, ACT, 2600, Australia
Corresponding author: email@example.com
Accepted: 1 April 2009
Boltzmann's principle is used to select the “most probable” realisation (macrostate) of an isolated or closed thermodynamic system, containing a small number of particles , for both classical and quantum statistics. The inferred probability distributions provide the means to define intensive variables and construct thermodynamic relationships for small microcanonical systems, which do not satisfy the thermodynamic limit. This is of critical importance to nanoscience and quantum technology.
PACS: 02.50.Tt – Inference methods / 05.20.-y – Classical statistical mechanics / 05.70.-a – Thermodynamics
© EPLA, 2009
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