Volume 86, Number 3, May 2009
|Number of page(s)||5|
|Published online||22 May 2009|
Universal fluctuations in subdiffusive transport
Institut für Physik, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin - Newtonstraße 15, D-12489 Berlin, Germany
2 National Institute of Chemical Physics and Biophysics - Rävala 10, Tallinn 15042, Estonia
3 IFISC, Instituto de Física Interdisciplinar y Sistemas Complejos (CSIC-UIB) - E-07122 Palma de Mallorca, Spain
4 Institut für Physik, Universität Augsburg - Universitätsstr. 1, D-86135 Augsburg, Germany
Accepted: 20 April 2009
Subdiffusive transport in tilted washboard potentials is investigated within the fractional Fokker-Planck equation approach by making reference to the associated continuous time random walk (CTRW) framework. The scaled subvelocity is shown to obey a universal law. The latter is defined by the index of subdiffusion α and the mean subvelocity only. Interestingly this law depends neither on the size of the system or measurement time, nor on the bias strength or on the specific form of the washboard potential. These scaled, universal subvelocity fluctuations emerge due to the weak ergodicity breaking and are vanishing in the limit of normal diffusion. The results of the analytical reasoning are corroborated by Monte Carlo simulations of the underlying CTRW.
PACS: 05.40.-a – Fluctuation phenomena, random processes, noise, and Brownian motion / 05.40.Fb – Random walks and Levy flights / 02.50.-r – Probability theory, stochastic processes, and statistics
© EPLA, 2009
Current usage metrics show cumulative count of Article Views (full-text article views including HTML views, PDF and ePub downloads, according to the available data) and Abstracts Views on Vision4Press platform.
Data correspond to usage on the plateform after 2015. The current usage metrics is available 48-96 hours after online publication and is updated daily on week days.
Initial download of the metrics may take a while.