Volume 88, Number 2, October 2009
|Number of page(s)||5|
|Section||Electromagnetism, Optics, Acoustics, Heat Transfer, Classical Mechanics, and Fluid Dynamics|
|Published online||10 November 2009|
Mesoscopic structuring and yield stress of magnetofluidized fine particles
Department of Electronics and Electromagnetism, University of Seville - Avda. Reina Mercedes s/n, 41012 Seville, Spain, EU
2 Department of Applied Physics II, University of Seville - Avda. Reina Mercedes s/n, 41012 Seville, Spain, EU
Corresponding author: email@example.com
Accepted: 6 October 2009
The fluidization behavior of a bed of fine magnetizable particles excited by an externally applied magnetic field is found to depend on the aggregative nature of the particles before the field was applied. Usually nonaggregated particles organize in quasivertical local linear chains when the field is applied. In contrast, naturally aggregated particles form large-scale branched structures when magnetized by an external field. As a consequence the yield stress of magnetically stabilized beds of naturally aggregated particles is relatively increased and the bed can be stabilized at smaller field intensities. As expected from the magnetic cohesive force between magnetized particles, the yield stress is proportional to the square of the magnetic-field intensity, with a proportionality constant that depends on the mesoscopic organization on the magnetic particles. Remarkably, it is found that quasivertical chainlike structures are stable in spite of the fact that the magnetic field is applied in the horizontal direction.
PACS: 47.55.Lm – Fluidized beds / 47.55.Kf – Particle-laden flows / 47.65.Cb – Magnetic fluids and ferrofluids
© EPLA, 2009
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