Volume 88, Number 6, December 2009
|Number of page(s)||5|
|Published online||04 January 2010|
Chaotic climate response to long-term solar forcing variability
ICAR - P.O. Box 31155, Jerusalem 91000, Israel and ICTP - Strada Costiera 11, I-34100 Trieste, Italy, EU
Accepted: 1 December 2009
It is shown that global climate exhibits chaotic response to solar forcing variability in a vast range of time scales: from annual to multi-millennial. Unlike linear systems, where periodic forcing leads to periodic response, nonlinear chaotic response to periodic forcing can result in exponentially decaying broad-band power spectrum with decay rate Te equal to the period of the forcing. It is shown that power spectrum of a reconstructed time series of Northern Hemisphere temperature anomaly for the past 2000 years has an exponentially decaying broad-band part with Te 11 y, i.e. the observed decay rate Te equals the mean period of the solar activity. It is also shown that, power spectrum of a reconstruction of atmospheric-CO2 time fluctuations for the past 650000 years, has an exponentially decaying broad-band part with Te 41000 years, i.e. the observed decay rate Te equals the period of the obliquity periodic forcing. A possibility of a chaotic solar forcing of the climate has been also discussed. These results clarify the role of solar forcing variability in long-term global-climate dynamics (in particular in the unsolved problem of the glaciation cycles) and help in construction of adequate dynamic models of the global climate.
PACS: 05.45.Gg – Control of chaos, applications of chaos / 92.70.Qr – Solar variability impact / 92.60.Iv – Paleoclimatology
© EPLA, 2009
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