Volume 89, Number 1, January 2010
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Section||Electromagnetism, Optics, Acoustics, Heat Transfer, Classical Mechanics, and Fluid Dynamics|
|Published online||22 January 2010|
Revealing stacking sequences in inverse opals by microradian X-ray diffraction
Department of Materials Science, M.V. Lomonosov Moscow State University - 119991 Moscow, Russia
2 Saint-Petersburg State University - 198504 Saint-Petersburg, Russia
3 Petersburg Nuclear Physics Institute - Gatchina, 188300 Saint-Petersburg, Russia
4 European Synchrotron Radiation Facility - BP 220, F-38043 Grenoble Cedex, France, EU
5 Debye Institute, Utrecht University - 3584 CH Utrecht, The Netherlands, EU
Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted: 10 December 2009
We present the results of the structural analysis of inverse opal photonic crystals by microradian X-ray diffraction. Inverse opals based on different oxide materials (TiO2, SiO2 and Fe2O3) were fabricated by templating polystyrene colloidal crystal films grown by the vertical deposition technique. Our results suggest that most inverse opal films possess dominating twinned face-centered cubic structure accompanied by some fragments of hexagonal close-packed and random hexagonal close-packed structures. The studied samples possessed individual structures with different ratios of the above fragments. By fitting the results of the angular-dependent X-ray diffraction by the Wilson model we estimate the stacking probability α in the studied samples to be ~ 0.7–0.8. Microradian X-ray diffraction therefore provides detailed structural information on opal-based photonic crystals and can be applied to opaque inverse opals or the samples with a periodicity < 300 nm, whose structure cannot be investigated by conventional optical methods.
PACS: 42.70.Qs – Photonic bandgap materials / 41.60.Ap – Synchrotron radiation / 61.05.cf – X-ray scattering (including small-angle scattering)
© EPLA, 2010
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