Volume 90, Number 1, June 2010
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Section||Condensed Matter: Structural, Mechanical and Thermal Properties|
|Published online||27 April 2010|
The role of noise and advection in absorbing state phase transitions
SUPA, School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Edinburgh - Mayfield Road, Edinburgh EH9 3JZ, UK, EU
Accepted: 21 March 2010
We study the effect of advection and noise on the field theory for directed percolation (DP). We show that even a very small advective velocity is enough to change the universality class of the dynamic phase transition. When the noise is taken to be proportional to the square root of the population density, we find an additional nonequilibrium “spinodal” line separating a region where an exponentially decreasing density is metastable, from another one in which it is unstable. If the noise is instead linear in the density, the phase diagram changes dramatically both quantitatively and qualitatively, and the spinodal line becomes a true phase boundary. We briefly discuss possible applications of our results to microbial sedimentation and population dynamics in rivers.
PACS: 64.60.-i – General studies of phase transitions / 05.70.Ln – Nonequilibrium and irreversible thermodynamics
© EPLA, 2010
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