Volume 92, Number 2, October 2010
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Section||Interdisciplinary Physics and Related Areas of Science and Technology|
|Published online||15 November 2010|
Solving the cold-start problem in recommender systems with social tags
Web Sciences Center, University of Electronic Science and Technology of China - Chengdu 610054, PRC
2 Department of Physics, University of Fribourg - Chemin du Musée 3, 1700 Fribourg, Switzerland
3 School of Business, East China University of Science and Technology - Shanghai 200237, PRC
4 Engineering Research Center of Process Systems Engineering (Ministry of Education), East China University of Science and Technology - Shanghai 200237, PRC
5 Department of Modern Physics, University of Science and Technology of China - Hefei 230026, PRC
Accepted: 28 September 2010
Based on the user-tag-object tripartite graphs, we propose a recommendation algorithm that makes use of social tags. Besides its low cost of computational time, the experimental results on two real-world data sets, Del.icio.us and MovieLens, show that it can enhance the algorithmic accuracy and diversity. Especially, it provides more personalized recommendation when the assigned tags belong to more diverse topics. The proposed algorithm is particularly effective for small-degree objects, which reminds us of the well-known cold-start problem in recommender systems. Further empirical study shows that the proposed algorithm can significantly solve this problem in social tagging systems with heterogeneous object degree.
PACS: 89.20.Ff – Computer science and technology / 89.75.Hc – Networks and genealogical trees / 89.65.-s – Social and economic systems
© EPLA, 2010
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