Volume 92, Number 5, December 2010
|Number of page(s)||5|
|Section||Condensed Matter: Electronic Structure, Electrical, Magnetic and Optical Properties|
|Published online||05 January 2011|
Conductance through quantum wires with Lévy-type disorder: Universal statistics in anomalous quantum transport
Departamento de Física Teórica, Facultad de Ciencias, and Instituto de Biocomputación y Física de Sistemas Complejos (BIFI), Universidad de Zaragoza - Pedro Cerbuna 12, E-50009, Zaragoza, Spain, EU
Accepted: 26 November 2010
In this letter we study the conductance G through one-dimensional quantum wires with disorder configurations characterized by long-tailed distributions (Lévy-type disorder). We calculate analytically the conductance distribution which reveals a universal statistics: the distribution of conductances is fully determined by the exponent α of the power-law decay of the disorder distribution and the average ⟨ln G⟩, i.e., all other details of the disorder configurations are irrelevant. For 0<α<1 we found that the fluctuations of ln G are not self-averaging and ⟨ln G⟩ scales with the length of the system as Lα, in contrast to the predictions of the standard scaling theory of localization where ln G is a self-averaging quantity and ⟨ln G⟩ scales linearly with L. Our theoretical results are verified by comparing with numerical simulations of one-dimensional disordered wires.
PACS: 72.10.-d – Theory of electronic transport; scattering mechanisms / 72.15.Rn – Localization effects (Anderson or weak localization) / 73.21.Hb – Quantum wires
© EPLA, 2010
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