Volume 93, Number 2, March 2011
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Published online||07 February 2011|
Reciprocal relations between kinetic curves
Parks College, Department of Chemistry, Saint Louis University - Saint Louis, MO 63103, USA
2 Department of Mathematics, University of Leicester - Leicester LE1 7RH, UK, EU
3 Department of Mathematical Analysis, Ghent University - Galglaan 2, B-9000 Gent, Belgium, EU
4 Laboratory for Chemical Technology, Ghent University - Krijgslaan 281 (S5), B-9000 Gent, Belgium, EU
Accepted: 6 January 2011
We study coupled irreversible processes. For linear or linearized kinetics with microreversibility, , the kinetic operator K is symmetric in the entropic inner product. This form of Onsager's reciprocal relations implies that the shift in time, exp(Kt), is also a symmetric operator. This generates the reciprocity relations between the kinetic curves. For example, for the Master equation, if we start the process from the i-th pure state and measure the probability pj(t) of the j-th state (j ≠ i), and, similarly, measure pi(t) for the process, which starts at the j-th pure state, then the ratio of these two probabilities pj(t)/pi(t) is constant in time and coincides with the ratio of the equilibrium probabilities. We study similar and more general reciprocal relations between the kinetic curves. The experimental evidence provided as an example is from the reversible water gas shift reaction over iron oxide catalyst. The experimental data are obtained using Temporal Analysis of Products (TAP) pulse-response studies. These offer excellent confirmation within the experimental error.
PACS: 05.20.Dd – Kinetic theory / 05.70.Ln – Nonequilibrium and irreversible thermodynamics
© EPLA, 2011
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