Volume 96, Number 3, November 2011
|Number of page(s)||5|
|Section||Electromagnetism, Optics, Acoustics, Heat Transfer, Classical Mechanics, and Fluid Dynamics|
|Published online||14 October 2011|
Wave resistance for capillary gravity waves: Finite-size effects
Laboratoire PCT - UMR Gulliver CNRS 7083, ESPCI - 10 rue Vauquelin, 75005 Paris, France, EU
2 Laboratoire Kastler Brossel, ENS, Université Paris 6, CNRS - 24 rue Lhomond, 75005 Paris, France, EU
Accepted: 8 September 2011
We study theoretically the capillary-gravity waves created at the water-air interface by an external surface pressure distribution symmetrical about a point and moving at constant velocity along a linear trajectory. Within the framework of linear wave theory and assuming the fluid to be inviscid, we calculate the wave resistance experienced by the perturbation as a function of its size (compared to the capillary length). In particular, we analyze how the amplitude of the jump occurring at the minimum phase speed cmin=(4 gγ/ρ)1/4 depends on the size of the pressure distribution (ρ is the liquid density, γ is the water-air surface tension, and g is the acceleration due to gravity). We also show how for pressure distributions broader than a few capillary lengths, the result obtained by Havelock for the wave resistance in the particular case of pure gravity waves (i.e., γ=0) is progressively recovered.
PACS: 47.35.-i – Hydrodynamic waves / 68.03.-g – Gas-liquid and vacuum-liquid interfaces
© EPLA, 2011
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