Volume 97, Number 6, March 2012
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Section||Electromagnetism, Optics, Acoustics, Heat Transfer, Classical Mechanics, and Fluid Dynamics|
|Published online||21 March 2012|
Intrinsic viscosity of polymers: From linear chains to dendrimers
State Key Laboratory of Polymer Physics and Chemistry, Changchun Institute of Applied Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences - Changchun 130022, PRC
2 Division of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, California Institute of Technology - Pasadena, CA 91125, USA
Accepted: 21 February 2012
We present a simple theory for the intrinsic viscosity of polymers of arbitrary architectures, based on a partially permeable sphere model. The model introduces two phenomenological functions, the drainage function κ(r) and the drag function ξ(r), which are determined by the density profile, as a mean-field description of the multi-body, long-range and accumulated effects of the hydrodynamic interactions. By combining Debye's theory for free draining polymer chains with Einstein's theory for hard spheres, we arrive at a simple expression for the intrinsic viscosity. Results from our theory show broad agreement in all the key features of the intrinsic viscosity with existing experimental results for polymers ranging from linear chain to branched polymers to dendrimers.
PACS: 47.57.Ng – Polymers and polymer solutions / 66.20.Cy – Theory and modeling of viscosity and rheological properties, including computer simulation / 82.35.Lr – Physical properties of polymers
© EPLA, 2012
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