Volume 98, Number 2, April 2012
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Section||Electromagnetism, Optics, Acoustics, Heat Transfer, Classical Mechanics, and Fluid Dynamics|
|Published online||30 April 2012|
Localized structures in vibrated emulsions
Department of Physics and Center for the Study of Complex Systems, Randall Laboratory, University of Michigan Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA
2 Departamento de Física, Facultad de Ciencias Físicas y Matemáticas, Universidad de Chile Casilla 487-3, Santiago, Chile
3 Department of Chemical Engineering, Rice University - 600 Main St., Houston, TX 77005, USA
Accepted: 29 March 2012
We report our observations of localized structures in a thin layer of an emulsion subjected to vertical oscillations. We observe persistent holes, which are voids that span the layer depth, and kinks, which are fronts between regions with and without fluid. These structures form in response to a finite amplitude perturbation. Combining experimental and rheological measurements, we argue that the ability of these structures to withstand the hydrostatic pressure of the surrounding fluid is due to convection within their rim. For persistent holes the oscillatory component of the convection generates a normal stress which opposes contraction, while for kinks the steady component of the convection generates a shear stress which opposes the hydrostatic stress of the surrounding fluid.
PACS: 47.57.-s – Complex fluids and colloidal systems / 47.57.Qk – Rheological aspects / 83.60.Rs – Shear rate-dependent structure (shear thinning and shear thickening)
© EPLA, 2012
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