Volume 99, Number 3, August 2012
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Section||Interdisciplinary Physics and Related Areas of Science and Technology|
|Published online||08 August 2012|
Quantifying meta-correlations in financial markets
1 School of Physics and Astronomy, Tel-Aviv University - Ramat Aviv 69978, Tel-Aviv, Israel
2 Center for Polymer Studies, Department of Physics, Boston University - 590 Commonwealth Avenue, Boston, MA 02215, USA
3 Department of Mathematics, UCL - Gower St, London, WC1E 6BT, UK, EU
4 Chair of Sociology, in particular of Modeling and Simulation, CLU E 5 - Clausiusstr. 50, 8092 Zurich, Switzerland
5 Artemis Capital Asset Management GmbH - Gartenstr. 14, D-65558 Holzheim, Germany, EU
6 Faculty of Business Administration, Ono Academic College - Tzahal 104, Kiryat Ono, Israel
7 Department of Economic Research, Israel Securities Authority - 22 Kanfei Nesharim St., Jerusalem 95464, Israel
Received: 28 April 2012
Accepted: 6 July 2012
Financial markets are modular multi-level systems, in which the relationships between the individual components are not constant in time. Sudden changes in these relationships significantly affect the stability of the entire system, and vice versa. Our analysis is based on historical daily closing prices of the 30 components of the Dow Jones Industrial Average (DJIA) from March 15th, 1939 until December 31st, 2010. We quantify the correlation among these components by determining Pearson correlation coefficients, to investigate whether mean correlation of the entire portfolio can be used as a precursor for changes in the index return. To this end, we quantify the meta-correlation – the correlation of mean correlation and index return. We find that changes in index returns are significantly correlated with changes in mean correlation. Furthermore, we study the relationship between the index return and correlation volatility – the standard deviation of correlations for a given time interval. This parameter provides further evidence of the effect of the index on market correlations and their fluctuations. Our empirical findings provide new information and quantification of the index leverage effect, and have implications to risk management, portfolio optimization, and to the increased stability of financial markets.
PACS: 89.65.Gh – Economics; econophysics, financial markets, business and management / 89.65.-s – Social and economic systems / 89.75.-k – Complex systems
© EPLA, 2012
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