Volume 99, Number 5, September 2012
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Section||Condensed Matter: Structural, Mechanical and Thermal Properties|
|Published online||12 September 2012|
Energy dissipation in the presence of sub-harmonic excitation in dynamic atomic force microscopy
1 Laboratory of Energy and Nanosciences, Masdar Institute of Science and Technology Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates
2 Centre d’Investigació en Nanociència i Nanotecnologia (CIN2) (CSIC-ICN), Esfera UAB, Campus de la UAB - Edifici CM-7, 08193 Bellaterra, Catalunya, Spain, EU
3 Departament de Disseny i Programació de Sistemes Electrònics, UPC - Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya Av. Bases, 61, 08242 Manresa, Spain, EU
4 Department of Oral Biology and School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Leeds - LS2 9JT, Leeds, UK, EU
5 Asylum Research UK Ltd, Commerce House - Telford Road, Bicester, Oxfordshire OX26 4LD, UK, EU
Received: 1 July 2012
Accepted: 1 August 2012
Amplitude modulation atomic force microscopy allows quantifying energy dissipation in the nanoscale with great accuracy with the use of analytical expressions that account for the fundamental frequency and higher harmonics. Here, we focus on the effects of sub-harmonic excitation on energy dissipation and its quantification. While there might be several mechanisms inducing sub-harmonics, a general analytical expression to quantify energy dissipation whenever sub-harmonics are excited is provided. The expression is a generalization of previous findings. We validate the expression via numerical integration by considering capillary forces and provide experimental evidence of sub-harmonic excitation for a range of operational parameters.
PACS: 68.37.Ps – Atomic force microscopy (AFM) / 05.45.-a – Nonlinear dynamics and chaos
© EPLA, 2012
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