Volume 99, Number 6, September 2012
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Section||Electromagnetism, Optics, Acoustics, Heat Transfer, Classical Mechanics, and Fluid Dynamics|
|Published online||05 October 2012|
Fluctuation-dissipation relation from a FLB-BGK model
1 Geosciences and Engineering Division, Southwest Research Institute - San Antonio, TX 78238, USA
2 IPCF CNR, Instituto Processi Chimico-Fisici Uos Roma, Physics Department, University of Rome La Sapienza P.le A. Moro 2, 00185 Rome, Italy, EU
3 Instituto Applicazioni Calcolo, CNR-IAC - Viale del Policlinico 137, 00161 Rome, Italy, EU
4 Mechanical Engineering Department, Boston University - Boston, MA 02215, USA
Received: 9 March 2012
Accepted: 17 August 2012
A two-dimensional colloidal fluctuating lattice-Boltzmann (FLB-BGK) model was formulated by adopting the most popular version of the fluctuating lattice-Boltzmann algorithm in the literature and explicitly incorporating the finite size and shape of particles. In this formulation, random noise was added to the fluid to simulate thermal fluctuations of the fluid at mesoscopic length scales. The resulting random perturbations acting on the particle surface were responsible for particle Brownian motion. FLB-BGK simulations with a thermally perturbed fluid in a confined channel involving a Brownian particle near a channel wall displayed perfect equipartitioning and thermalization in the absence of any external force. The simulations captured a crossover from a ballistic regime to a diffusive regime at which particle velocity autocorrelation vanished. FLB-BGK simulations with an inert particle in thermally perturbed, creeping or low-medium Reynolds number flows in confined channels showed that particle motion obeyed the fluctuation-dissipation theorem if the wall effects on particle motion were absent or small. On the other hand, the fluctuation-dissipation theorem was found not to hold in the presence of significant wall effects on particle motion.
PACS: 47.85.Dh – Hydrodynamics, hydraulics, hydrostatics / 47.15.G- – Low-Reynolds-number (creeping) flows / 47.11.-j – Computational methods in fluid dynamics
© EPLA, 2012
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