Volume 100, Number 1, October 2012
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Section||Condensed Matter: Structural, Mechanical and Thermal Properties|
|Published online||17 October 2012|
Driven large contact angle droplets on chemically heterogeneous substrates
1 Max Planck Institute for Dynamics and Self-Organization - 37077 Göttingen, Germany, EU
2 Department of Mathematical Sciences, Loughborough University - Loughborough LE11 3TU, UK, EU
3 Experimental Physics, Saarland University - 66123 Saarbrücken, Germany, EU
Received: 27 June 2012
Accepted: 10 September 2012
We study the depinning and subsequent motion of two-dimensional droplets with large contact angles that are driven by a body force on flat substrates decorated with a sinusoidal wettability pattern. To this end, we solve the Stokes equation employing a boundary element method. At the substrate a Navier slip condition and a spatially varying microscopic contact angle are imposed. Depending on the substrate properties, we observe a range of driving forces where resting and periodically moving droplets are found, even though inertial effects are neglected. This is possible in the considered overdamped regime because additional energy is stored in the non-equilibrium configuration of the droplet interfaces. Finally, we present the dependence of the driving at de- and repinning on wettability contrast and slip length, complemented by a bifurcation analysis of pinned-droplet configurations.
PACS: 68.08.Bc – Wetting / 47.55.D- – Drops and bubbles / 47.20.Ky – Nonlinearity, bifurcation, and symmetry breaking
© EPLA, 2012
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