Volume 102, Number 4, May 2013
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Published online||11 June 2013|
Permutation complexity and dependence measures of time series
1 Department of Mathematics, School of Science, Beijing Jiaotong University - Beijing 100044, PRC
2 School of Science, Beijing Information Science & Technology University - Beijing 100192, PRC
3 Center for Polymer Studies and Department of Physics, Boston University - Boston, MA 02215, USA
Received: 20 January 2013
Accepted: 14 May 2013
It is an interesting area to analyze the complexity or dependence of time series. Many information-theoretic methods have been proposed for this purpose. In this letter, we adapt the permutation entropy to infer the complexity of short-time series by freely changing the time delay, and test it with Gaussian random series and random walks. We also propose a Rényi permutation entropy to characterize the rare events from frequent events. It successfully analyzes the temporal structure of the autoregressive (AR) model and also the daily closing prices in Shanghai stock market. Moreover, we introduce a permutation mutual information method to detect the dependence between two time series. We test it by the Hénon map, autoregressive fractionally integrated moving average (ARFIMA) model and observe its significance by the randomization test. It is also applied to measure the dependence between air temperature and air humidity.
PACS: 05.45.Tp – Time series analysis / 89.20.-a – Interdisciplinary applications of physics / 89.75.-k – Complex systems
© EPLA, 2013
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