Volume 104, Number 2, October 2013
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Section||Electromagnetism, Optics, Acoustics, Heat Transfer, Classical Mechanics, and Fluid Dynamics|
|Published online||15 November 2013|
Insights on the local dynamics induced by thermal cycling in granular matter
1 Université de Lyon, Laboratoire de Physique, École Normale Supérieure de Lyon, CNRS UMR 5672 46 Allée d'Italie, 69364 Lyon cedex 07, France
2 Centre de Recherche Paul Pascal, CNRS UPR 8641 - 115 Avenue Schweitzer 33600 Pessac, France
3 Université de Lyon, UFR de physique, Université Claude Bernard Lyon I - Lyon, France
Received: 11 July 2013
Accepted: 10 October 2013
In this letter, we report results on the effect of temperature variations on a granular assembly through molecular-dynamic simulations of a 2D granular column. Periodic dilations of the grains are shown to perfectly mimic such thermal cycling, and allow to rationalize the link between the compaction process, the local grains dynamics and finite-size effects. Through extensive simulations, we show quantitatively that the individual disks properties, namely their roughness and elastic modulus, define a critical cycling amplitude of temperature . Below , the dynamics is intermittent and spatially heterogeneous while confined into localized regions, whereas above , the whole column flows and the disks dynamics ranges continuously from cage-like at the bottom of the column to purely diffusive at the top. Our results rationalize a series of experimental results reported in the literature on dry or immersed granular materials and provide a simple simulation method for the study of thermal cycling as an alternate driving method for soft glassy materials.
PACS: 45.70.Cc – Static sandpiles; granular compaction / 47.57.Gc – Granular flow / 83.80.Fg – Granular solids
© EPLA, 2013
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