Volume 104, Number 2, October 2013
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Section||Interdisciplinary Physics and Related Areas of Science and Technology|
|Published online||18 November 2013|
Influence of network structure on cooperative dynamics in coupled socio-ecological systems
1 Department of Physics, National University of Singapore - Singapore 117542
2 Division of Physics and Applied Physics, School of Physical and Mathematical Sciences, Nanyang Technological University - 21 Nanyang Links, Singapore 637371
3 Beijing- Hong Kong-Singapore Joint Centre for Nonlinear and Complex Systems (Singapore), National University of Singapore - Kent Ridge 119260, Singapore
4 Yale-NUS College - 6 College Avenue East, Singapore 138614
Received: 2 September 2013
Accepted: 23 October 2013
Interactions in real-world social and biological organizations are complex. Spatial structures or social networks enable clusters of cooperators to outcompete defectors when the altruistic act of a cooperator benefits only its neighbors. In this context, it had been shown that cooperation is favored if the benefit-to-cost ratio of the altruistic act exceeds the average number of interactions. This implies that cooperation survives better in societies with less social ties. For coupled socio-ecological systems in which an unselfish act is assumed to benefit all users who have open access to the resource, we show that when social sanction is present, the opposite can happen: cooperation can be easily promoted in populations where virtually everyone knows everyone else but not in populations that possess fewer connections.
PACS: 87.23.Kg – Dynamics of evolution / 89.75.Fb – Structures and organization in complex systems
© EPLA, 2013
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