Volume 104, Number 4, November 2013
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Section||Interdisciplinary Physics and Related Areas of Science and Technology|
|Published online||11 December 2013|
Modeling self-sustained activity cascades in socio-technical networks
1 Instituto de Biocomputación y Física de Sistemas Complejos (BIFI), Universidad de Zaragoza Mariano Esquillor s/n, 50018 Zaragoza, Spain
2 Departamento de Física Teórica, Universidad de Zaragoza - 50009 Zaragoza, Spain
3 Departament d'Enginyeria Informàtica i Matemàtiques, Universitat Rovira i Virgili - 43007 Tarragona, Spain
4 IPHES, Institut Català de Paleoecologia Humana i Evolució Social - C/Escorxador s/n, 43003 Tarragona, Spain
Received: 24 July 2013
Accepted: 14 November 2013
The ability to understand and eventually predict the emergence of information and activation cascades in social networks is core to complex socio-technical systems research. However, the complexity of social interactions makes this a challenging enterprise. Previous works on cascade models assume that the emergence of this collective phenomenon is related to the activity observed in the local neighborhood of individuals, but do not consider what determines the willingness to spread information in a time-varying process. Here we present a mechanistic model that accounts for the temporal evolution of the individual state in a simplified setup. We model the activity of the individuals as a complex network of interacting integrate-and-fire oscillators. The model reproduces the statistical characteristics of the cascades in real systems, and provides a framework to study the time evolution of cascades in a state-dependent activity scenario.
PACS: 89.65.-s – Social and economic systems / 89.75.Fb – Structures and organization in complex systems / 89.75.Hc – Networks and genealogical trees
© EPLA, 2013
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