Volume 104, Number 5, December 2013
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Section||Condensed Matter: Electronic Structure, Electrical, Magnetic and Optical Properties|
|Published online||18 December 2013|
SU(3) Landau-Zener interferometry
1 The Abdus Salam International Centre for Theoretical Physics - Strada Costiera 11, I-34151 Trieste, Italy
2 School of Physics and Astronomy, Tel-Aviv University - Tel-Aviv 69978, Israel
3 Mesoscopic and Multilayer Structures Laboratory, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics, University of Dschang Dschang, Cameroon
Received: 28 August 2013
Accepted: 29 November 2013
We propose a universal approach to the Landau-Zener problem in a three-level system. The problem is formulated in terms of Gell-Mann operators which generate SU(3) algebra and map the Hamiltonian on the effective anisotropic pseudospin 1 model. The vector Bloch equation for the density matrix describing the temporal evolution of the three-level crossing problem is also derived and solved analytically for the case where the diabatic states of the SU(3) Hamiltonian form a triangle. This analytic solution is in excellent quantitative agreement with the numerical solution of the Schrödinger equation for a 3-level crossing problem. The model demonstrates oscillation patterns which radically differ from the standard patterns for the two-level Landau-Zener problem. The triangle works as an interferometer and the interplay between two paths results in formation of “beats” and “steps” pattern in the time-dependent transition probability. The characteristic time scales describing the “beats” and “steps” depend on a dwell time in the triangle. These scales are related to the geometric size of the interferometer. The possibilities of the experimental realization of this effect in triple quantum dots and in two-well traps for cold gases are discussed.
PACS: 73.21.La – Quantum dots / 33.80.Be – Level crossing and optical pumping / 03.75.Lm – Tunneling, Josephson effect, Bose-Einstein condensates in periodic potentials, solitons, vortices, and topological excitations
© EPLA, 2013
Current usage metrics show cumulative count of Article Views (full-text article views including HTML views, PDF and ePub downloads, according to the available data) and Abstracts Views on Vision4Press platform.
Data correspond to usage on the plateform after 2015. The current usage metrics is available 48-96 hours after online publication and is updated daily on week days.
Initial download of the metrics may take a while.