Volume 105, Number 6, March 2014
|Number of page(s)||5|
|Section||Interdisciplinary Physics and Related Areas of Science and Technology|
|Published online||27 March 2014|
Epidemics on interconnected lattices
1 School of Reliability and Systems Engineering, Beihang University - Beijing, China
2 Science and Technology on Reliability and Environmental Engineering Laboratory - Beijing, China
3 Faculty of Electrical Engineering, Mathematics, and Computer Science, Delft University of Technology Delft, The Netherlands
Received: 14 January 2014
Accepted: 10 March 2014
Epidemic remains one of the major threats to human society, which has attracted much attention for decades. Since real-world systems usually depend on each other, epidemics on interconnected networks have been studied recently. However, in most studies spatial constraints in these interconnected networks are neglected. Here we study the epidemics in a system composed of two interconnected lattices, which is compared with the epidemics in interconnected Erdös-Rényi (ER) networks. Our results show that the epidemic threshold in interconnected lattices decreases with increasing spatial length of interconnected links between networks. When the infection rate is small, the spatial constraints limit the transmission of the disease, where the infection density is lower in interconnected lattices than in interconnected ER networks. For large infection rate, however, the infection density is higher in interconnected lattices than in interconnected ER networks.
PACS: 89.75.-k – Complex systems / 87.23.Ge – Dynamics of social systems
© EPLA, 2014
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