Volume 106, Number 5, June 2014
|Number of page(s)||5|
|Section||Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics|
|Published online||02 June 2014|
Threshold behaviour in photodetachment into a final state with large negative polarizability
1 Department of Physics, University of Gothenburg - SE-412 96 Gothenburg, Sweden
2 Albert-Ludwigs-Universität - D-79104 Freiburg, Germany
3 Department of Physics, AlbaNova, Stockholm University - SE-106 91 Stockholm, Sweden
4 Department of Physics, University of Tennessee - Knoxville, TN 37996, USA
Received: 31 March 2014
Accepted: 13 May 2014
In a recent experiment, Lindahl et al. (Lindahl A. O. et al., Phys. Rev. Lett., 108 (2012) 033004) observed a new threshold behavior in the photodetachment of the potassium negative ion when the residual atom is left in the state. Unfortunately the resonance close to threshold made it more difficult to apply the semi-classical model that was developed to describe the threshold behavior. In this paper we present a study of the threshold behavior of the partial cross-section in the photodetachment of the sodium negative ion. The experiment was conducted using a collinear beams apparatus where the detection was performed using a resonance ionization scheme. We observe the same threshold behavior as in the previous experiment, but without any obfuscating resonance. The model derived in the previous paper is found to fit the observed cross-section up to 35 meV above threshold. The present experiment clearly demonstrates the threshold behaviour for the fundamental process of a free electron moving in the field of an atom with a large negative polarizability.
PACS: 32.80.Gc – Photodetachment of atomic negative ions
© EPLA, 2014
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