Volume 107, Number 2, July 2014
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Section||Interdisciplinary Physics and Related Areas of Science and Technology|
|Published online||16 July 2014|
Emergence and persistence of communities in coevolutionary networks
1 Instituto de Física, Universidad Federal do Rio Grande do Sul - 910501-970, Porto Alegre, Brazil
2 Grupo de Caos y Sistemas Complejos, Centro de Física Fundamental, Universidad de Los Andes Mérida, Venezuela
3 Departamento de Cálculo, Escuela Básica de Ingeniería, Universidad de Los Andes - Mérida, Venezuela
Received: 19 March 2014
Accepted: 25 June 2014
We investigate the emergence and persistence of communities through a recently proposed mechanism of adaptive rewiring in coevolutionary networks. We characterize the topological structures arising in a coevolutionary network subject to an adaptive rewiring process and a node dynamics given by a simple voter-like rule. We find that, for some values of the parameters describing the adaptive rewiring process, a community structure emerges on a connected network. We show that the emergence of communities is associated to a decrease in the number of active links in the system, i.e. links that connect two nodes in different states. The lifetime of the community structure state scales exponentially with the size of the system. Additionally, we find that a small noise in the node dynamics can sustain a diversity of states and a community structure in time in a finite size system. Thus, large system size and/or local noise can explain the persistence of communities and diversity in many real systems.
PACS: 89.75.Fb – Structures and organization in complex systems / 87.23.Ge – Dynamics of social systems / 05.50.+q – Lattice theory and statistics (Ising, Potts, etc.)
© EPLA, 2014
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