Volume 107, Number 3, August 2014
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Section||Electromagnetism, Optics, Acoustics, Heat Transfer, Classical Mechanics, and Fluid Dynamics|
|Published online||01 August 2014|
Shear jamming in granular experiments without basal friction
1 School of Earth Science and Engineering, Hohai University - Nanjing 210098, PRC
2 Department of Geotechnical Engineering, Tongji University - Shanghai 200092, PRC
3 Department of Physical Chemistry and Colloid Science, Wageningen University - Wageningen, The Netherlands
4 Department of Physics & Center for Nonlinear and Complex Systems, Duke University - Durham, NC 27708, USA
Received: 27 April 2014
Accepted: 10 July 2014
Jammed states of frictional granular systems can be induced by shear strain at densities below the isostatic jamming density . It remains unclear, however, how much friction affects this so-called shear jamming. Friction appears in two ways in this type of experiment: friction between particles, and friction between particles and the base on which they rest. Here, we study how particle-bottom friction, or basal friction, affects shear jamming in quasi–two-dimensional experiments. In order to study this issue experimentally, we apply simple shear to a disordered packing of photoelastic disks. We can tune the basal friction of the particles by immersing the particles in a density matched liquid, thus removing the normal force, hence the friction, between the particles and base. We record the overall shear stress, and particle motion, and the photoelastic response of the particles. We compare the shear response of dry and immersed samples, which enables us to determine how basal friction affects shear jamming. Our findings indicate that changing the basal friction shifts the point of shear jamming, but it does not change the basic phenomenon of shear jamming.
PACS: 47.57.Gc – Granular flow / 81.05.Rm – Porous materials; granular materials / 78.20.Fm – Birefringence
© EPLA, 2014
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