Volume 107, Number 5, September 2014
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Published online||25 August 2014|
-symmetric spin-orbit–coupled condensate
1 ICFO-Institut de Ciencies Fotoniques, and Universitat Politecnica de Catalunya 08860 Castelldefels (Barcelona), Spain
2 Institute of Spectroscopy, Russian Academy of Sciences - Troitsk, Moscow Region, 142190, Russia
3 Centro de Física Teórica e Computacional, Faculdade de Ciências, Universidade de Lisboa Avenida Professor Gama Pinto 2, Lisboa 1649-003, Portugal
4 Departamento de Física, Faculdade de Ciências, Universidade de Lisboa - Campo Grande, Ed. C8, Lisboa 1749-016, Portugal
Received: 22 June 2014
Accepted: 7 August 2014
We consider a mean-field model of a spin-orbit–coupled atomic system (Bose-Einstein condensate) accounting for pumping and removal of atoms from the two ground states. This model introduces a concept of charge-parity-time -symmetric system with a complex potential featuring a purely real spectrum. The introduced spin-orbit–coupled BEC possesses properties such as control of the stability by the external trap, singular symmetry phase breaking, the existence of stable nonlinear modes with nonzero currents in repulsive and attractive condensates, multiply re-entrant -symmetric phase, splitting of nonlinear modes into sets of solitons (wave packets) moving with different velocities and in different directions in the condensate released from the trap.
PACS: 03.75.Lm – Tunneling, Josephson effect, Bose-Einstein condensates in periodic potentials, solitons, vortices, and topological excitations / 03.75.Mn – Multicomponent condensates; spinor condensates
© EPLA, 2014
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