Volume 107, Number 5, September 2014
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Published online||04 September 2014|
Effective axial-vector strength and β-decay systematics
1 “Horia Hulubei” National Institute of Physics and Nuclear Engineering - 407 Atomiştilor, RO-077125, Bucharest-Măgurele, Romania
2 Academy of Romanian Scientists - 54 Splaiul Independenţei, RO-050094, Bucharest, Romania
3 Bioterra University - 81 Gârlei, RO-013724, Bucharest, Romania
4 University of Jyväskylä, Department of Physics, University of Jyväskylä - P.O. Box 35 (YFL), FI-40014, Jyväskylä, Finland
Received: 17 May 2014
Accepted: 18 August 2014
We use the weak axial-vector coupling strength as a key parameter to reproduce simultaneously the available data for both the Gamow-Teller and decay rates in nine triplets of isobars with mass numbers . We use the proton-neutron quasiparticle random-phase approximation (pnQRPA) with schematic dipole interaction containing particle-particle and particle-hole parts with mass-dependent strengths. Our analysis points to a strongly quenched effective value , with a relative error of 28%. We then perform a systematic computation of 218 experimentally known and decays with quite a remarkable success. The presently extracted value of should be taken as an effective one, specific for a given nuclear theory framework. Present studies suggest that the effective is suitable for the description of decay transitions to states at moderate excitation, below the Gamow-Teller giant resonance region.
PACS: 21.60.Jz – Nuclear Density Functional Theory and extensions (includes Hartree-Fock and random-phase approximations) / 23.40.Bw – Weak-interaction and lepton (including neutrino) aspects / 23.40.Hc – Relation with nuclear matrix elements and nuclear structure
© EPLA, 2014
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