Volume 108, Number 2, October 2014
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Published online||14 October 2014|
A thermodynamical formalism describing mechanical interactions
1 Instituto de Física, Universidade Federal da Bahia - 40210-210, Salvador, Brazil
2 Departamento de Física, Universidade Federal de Sergipe - 49.100-000, São Cristovão, Brazil
3 Centro Brasileiro de Pesquisas Físicas - Rua Xavier Sigaud 150, 22290-180, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
4 National Institute of Science and Technology for Complex Systems - Rua Xavier Sigaud 150, 22290-180, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Received: 14 July 2014
Accepted: 25 September 2014
The dynamical behavior of an overdamped mechanical model devoid of any usual thermal effects is analyzed by a formalism that is similar to usual thermodynamics, and completely independent of any ad hoc assumption of a probability distribution of states in phase space of the mechanical model. It leads to the definition of a new entropy function, which does not coincide with the usual thermodynamical entropy. The new step making the difference to previous studies of this system is the identification of two non-equivalent mechanical interaction mechanisms, which are defined and identified as work and pseudo-heat. Together with the introduced effective temperature θ, they make it possible to characterize the equivalent to isothermal, adiabatic, isobaric, and isochoric processes. Three statements, formally analogous to the zeroth, first, and second law of thermodynamics, are issued. The statement of the second law results from the asymmetry in the way energy can be exchanged along the two processes. A Carnot cycle is defined, for which the efficiency is expressed in terms of θ in the operating pseudo-heat reservoirs. The analogous Clausius theorem for the system operating an arbitrary reversible cycle is proved, leading to the new entropy function. Consequences of the extension of thermodynamic formalism to mechanical models with different processes of transferring energy are discussed.
PACS: 05.90.+m – Other topics in statistical physics, thermodynamics, and nonlinear dynamical systems (restricted to new topics in section 05) / 05.70.Ce – Thermodynamic functions and equations of state / 74.25.Bt – Thermodynamic properties
© EPLA, 2014
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