Volume 108, Number 4, November 2014
|Number of page(s)||5|
|Section||Condensed Matter: Structural, Mechanical and Thermal Properties|
|Published online||25 November 2014|
Superhard sp3 carbon allotrope: Ab initio calculations
1 Department of Physics, Beihua University - Jilin 132013, China
2 Department of Physics and Engineering Physics, University of Saskatchewan - Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, S7N 5E2, Canada
3 State Key Laboratory of Superhard Materials, Jilin University - Changchun 130012, China
Received: 26 September 2014
Accepted: 6 November 2014
We have systematically studied the structural, electronic and mechanical properties of a novel superhard sp3 carbon allotrope (Amm2-carbon) based on the density functional theory (DFT). This carbon allotrope was identified using a developed methodology in the theoretical design of superhard materials based on the CALYPSO algorithm, and predicted to be more stable than graphite for pressures above 16.6 GPa. It is found to be dynamically stable and a semiconductor with an insulator with a direct band gap of approximately 4.18 eV. Moreover, the calculated elastic constants for Amm2-carbon satisfy the stability condition. Calculations of bulk modulus and hardness indicate that this Amm2-carbon is an ultra-incompressible and superhard material. Furthermore, we extensively investigated the stress-strain relations of Amm2-carbon under various tensile and shear loading directions. The present results indicate Amm2-carbon is a superhard material.
PACS: 61.50.-f – Structure of bulk crystals / 62.20.-x – Mechanical properties of solids / 71.20.-b – Electron density of states and band structure of crystalline solids
© EPLA, 2014
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