Volume 110, Number 3, May 2015
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Section||Condensed Matter: Structural, Mechanical and Thermal Properties|
|Published online||15 May 2015|
Direct observation of size scaling and elastic interaction between nano-scale defects in collision cascades
1 Department of Materials, University of Oxford - Parks Road, Oxford, OX1 3PH, UK
2 CCFE, Culham Centre for Fusion Energy - Abingdon, Oxfordshire OX14 3DB, UK
3 Department of Physics, University of Helsinki - P. O. Box 43, FI-00014, Helsinki, Finland
4 Nuclear Engineering Division, Argonne National Laboratory - Argonne, IL 60439, USA
Received: 2 March 2015
Accepted: 24 April 2015
Using in situ transmission electron microscopy, we have directly observed nano-scale defects formed in ultra-high–purity tungsten by low-dose high-energy self-ion irradiation at 30 K. At cryogenic temperature lattice defects have reduced mobility, so these microscope observations offer a window on the initial, primary damage caused by individual collision cascade events. Electron microscope images provide direct evidence for a power-law size distribution of nano-scale defects formed in high-energy cascades, with an upper size limit independent of the incident ion energy, as predicted by Sand et al. (EPL, 103 (2013) 46003). Furthermore, the analysis of pair distribution functions of defects observed in the micrographs shows significant intra-cascade spatial correlations consistent with strong elastic interaction between the defects.
PACS: 61.72.J- – Point defects and defect clusters / 61.80.Az – Theory and models of radiation effects / 68.37.Lp – Transmission electron microscopy (TEM)
© EPLA, 2015
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