Volume 112, Number 3, November 2015
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Section||Condensed Matter: Electronic Structure, Electrical, Magnetic and Optical Properties|
|Published online||18 November 2015|
Superconductivity above the lowest Earth temperature in pressurized sulfur hydride
1 RICMASS, Rome International Center for Materials Science Superstripes - Via dei Sabelli 119A, I-00185 Rome, Italy
2 Institute of Crystallography, CNR - Via Salaria Km 29.300, Monterotondo, Rome, I-00015, Italy
3 INSTM, Italian Interuniversity Consortium on Materials Science and Technology, Rome Udr - Rome, Italy
4 DPMC, University of Geneva - 24 Quai Ernest-Ansermet, CH-1211 Geneva 4, Switzerland
Received: 16 October 2015
Accepted: 26 October 2015
A recent experiment has shown a macroscopic quantum coherent condensate at 203 K, about 19 degrees above the coldest temperature recorded on the Earth surface, 184 K in pressurized sulfur hydride. This discovery is relevant not only in material science and condensed matter but also in other fields ranging from quantum computing to quantum physics of living matter. It has given the start to a gold rush looking for other macroscopic quantum coherent condensates in hydrides at the temperature range of living matter . We present here a review of the experimental results and the theoretical works and we discuss the Fermiology of focusing on Lifshitz transitions as a function of pressure. We discuss the possible role of the shape resonance near a neck disrupting Lifshitz transition, in the Bianconi-Perali-Valletta (BPV) theory, for rising the critical temperature in a multigap superconductor, as the Feshbach resonance rises the critical temperature in Fermionic ultracold gases.
PACS: 74.10.+v – Occurrence, potential candidates / 74.70.Ad – Metals; alloys and binary compounds (including A15, MgB / 74.20.-z – Theories and models of superconducting state
© EPLA, 2015
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