Volume 112, Number 4, November 2015
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Section||The Physics of Elementary Particles and Fields|
|Published online||10 December 2015|
Repulsive Casimir interaction: Boyer oscillators at nanoscale
1 Department of Applied Physics and COMP Center of Excellence, Aalto University School of Science P.O. Box 11000, FI-00076 Aalto, Espoo, Finland
2 Department of Physics, University of Isfahan - Isfahan 81744, Iran
3 Department of Physics, University of Massachusetts - Amherst, MA 01003, USA
4 Department of Theoretical Physics, J. Stefan Institute, and Department of Physics, Faculty of Mathematics and Physics, University of Ljubljana - SI-1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia
Received: 4 October 2015
Accepted: 20 November 2015
We study the effect of temperature on the repulsive Casimir interaction between an ideally permeable and an ideally polarizable plate in vacuo. At small separations or for low temperatures the quantum fluctuations of the electromagnetic field give the main contribution to the interaction, while at large separations or for high temperatures the interaction is dominated by the classical thermal fluctuations of the field. At intermediate separations or finite temperatures both the quantum and thermal fluctuations contribute. For a system composed of one infinitely permeable plate between two ideal conductors at a finite temperature, we identify a stable mechanical equilibrium state, if the infinitely permeable plate is located in the middle of the cavity. For small displacements the restoring force of this Boyer oscillator is linear in the deviation from the equilibrium position, with a spring constant that depends inversely on the separation between the two conducting plates and linearly on temperature. Furthermore, an array of such oscillators presents an ideal Einsteinian crystal that displays a fluctuation force between its outer boundaries stemming from the displacement fluctuations of the Boyer oscillators.
PACS: 12.20.-m – Quantum electrodynamics / 03.70.+k – Theory of quantized fields / 42.50.Pq – Cavity quantum electrodynamics; micromasers
© EPLA, 2015
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