Volume 112, Number 5, December 2015
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Section||Condensed Matter: Electronic Structure, Electrical, Magnetic and Optical Properties|
|Published online||30 December 2015|
Transport in helical Luttinger liquid with Kondo impurities
1 Ludwig Maximilians University, Arnold Sommerfeld Center and Center for Nano-Science Munich, D-80333, Germany
2 Department of Physics and Astronomy, Rutgers The State University of New Jersey 136 Frelinghuysen rd. - Piscataway, 08854 NJ, USA
3 Institute of Spectroscopy, Russian Academy of Sciences - 5 Fizicheskaya Street, Troitsk, Moscow 142190, Russia
4 Russian Quantum Center, Skolkovo, Moscow Region 143025, Russia
5 Physics Department, Columbia University - 538 West 120th Street, New York, NY 10027, USA
Received: 2 October 2015
Accepted: 10 December 2015
We study the edge transport in two-dimensional topological insulators which is carried by interacting helical fermions. This transport is ballistic when it is protected by time-reversal symmetry. Recently it was pointed out (Altshuler B. L. et al., Phys. Rev. Lett., 111 (2013) 086401) that coupling of non-interacting helical electrons to an array of randomly anisotropic magnetic (Kondo) impurities can lead to a spontaneous breaking of the symmetry and, thus, can remove this protection. By using a combination of the functional and the Abelian bosonization approaches, we show that the suppression of the ballistic transport turns out to be robust in a broad range of the interaction strength. We have evaluated the renormalization of the localization length and have found that, for strong interaction, it is substantial. We have identified various regimes of the dc transport and discussed its temperature and sample size dependences in each of the regimes.
PACS: 71.10.Pm – Fermions in reduced dimensions (anyons, composite fermions, Luttinger liquid, etc.) / 73.43.-f – Quantum Hall effects / 72.15.Nj – Collective modes (e.g., in one-dimensional conductors)
© EPLA, 2015
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