Volume 112, Number 6, December 2015
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Section||Electromagnetism, Optics, Acoustics, Heat Transfer, Classical Mechanics, and Fluid Dynamics|
|Published online||13 January 2016|
Scaling behaviour of cohesive granular flows
1 Laboratoire de Mécanique et Génie Civil (LMGC), Université de Montpellier, CNRS - Montpellier, France
2 〈MSE〉 2, UMI 3466 CNRS-MIT, MIT, Massachusetts Institute of Technology - 77 Massachusetts Avenue, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA
3 Chiang Mai University, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering - 239 Huay Kaew Rd., Chiang Mai 50200, Thailand
4 ArcelorMittal Research SA - Voie Romaine - 57280 Maizières-lès-Metz, France
Received: 12 November 2015
Accepted: 22 December 2015
The shear strength of dense granular flows is generally described by an effective friction coefficient, ratio of shear to normal stress, as a function of the inertial number I. However, this ratio depends on the normal stress when the particles interact via both friction and adhesion forces, and in this sense it does not properly represent a Coulomb-like friction. For the same reason, it is not a unique function of I. We used extensive contact dynamics simulations to isolate the cohesive strength from the purely frictional strength in dense inertial flows for a broad range of shear rates and adhesion forces between particles. Remarkably, while the frictional part of the strength increases with I, the cohesive strength is found to be a decreasing function of I. We show that a single dimensionless parameter, combining interparticle adhesion with I, controls not only the cohesive strength but also the packing fraction and granular texture in inertial flows.
PACS: 45.70.-n – Granular systems / 81.05.Rm – Porous materials; granular materials / 61.43.Hv – Fractals; macroscopic aggregates (including diffusion-limited aggregates)
© EPLA, 2015
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