Volume 114, Number 3, May 2016
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Published online||24 May 2016|
Firing regulation of fast-spiking interneurons by autaptic inhibition
1 Key Laboratory for NeuroInformation of Ministry of Education, School of Life Science and Technology, University of Electronic Science and Technology of China - Chengdu 610054, PRC
2 Center for Information in Medicine, University of Electronic Science and Technology of China Chengdu 610054, PRC
3 Faculty of Natural Sciences and Mathematics, University of Maribor - Koroška cesta 160, SI-2000 Maribor, Slovenia
4 School of Computer Science and Technology, Southwest University of Science and Technology - Mianyang, PRC
Received: 10 February 2016
Accepted: 6 May 2016
Fast-spiking (FS) interneurons in the brain are self-innervated by powerful inhibitory GABAergic autaptic connections. By computational modelling, we investigate how autaptic inhibition regulates the firing response of such interneurons. Our results indicate that autaptic inhibition both boosts the current threshold for action potential generation and modulates the input-output gain of FS interneurons. The autaptic transmission delay is identified as a key parameter that controls the firing patterns and determines multistability regions of FS interneurons. Furthermore, we observe that neuronal noise influences the firing regulation of FS interneurons by autaptic inhibition and extends their dynamic range for encoding inputs. Importantly, autaptic inhibition modulates noise-induced irregular firing of FS interneurons, such that coherent firing appears at an optimal autaptic inhibition level. Our results reveal the functional roles of autaptic inhibition in taming the firing dynamics of FS interneurons.
PACS: 05.45.-a – Nonlinear dynamics and chaos / 87.19.L- – Neuroscience / 87.17.-d – Cell processes
© EPLA, 2016
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